According to the Adoption Act the purpose of adoption is to improve the well-being of the child by consolidating the relationship between a parent (adopter) and the child (adoptee). All decisions and actions around adoption have to be taken with the child’s best interest coming first.
Adoption can include adoptions within a family, adoptions of children with no biological relation, and adult adoptions. The end results of any adoption process is anyway to create families in their uniqueness.
In adoption there are several different points of view and needs. In these pages, we tried to organize information and make it easier for you to find them. Give us feedback!
The topics covered in our pages do not cover all about adoptive families. There are factors which do not come from adoption. However, adoption can create a sort of filter in experiences and it is useful to be aware of that.
Adoptions happen domestically (around 30-50 children a year) as well as internationally through authorized agencies. Statistics about international adoptions have been regularly collected since 1985 (find more on Valvira’s website).
There are not similar statistics for domestic adoptions, but we know that every year about 30-50 children born in Finland are adopted.
In international adoptions many factors change continuously, such as situations in the target countries or number of children adopted by Finnish families. The general idea is that policies enabling international adoptions are a temporary solution while the country builds or improves its own welfare and child protection system.
Adoption is a legal process, governed by several laws, by which biological parents transfer their parental rights onto a child to her adoptive parents. Adoption is a measure of child protection, planned to reach the best interest of the child, by allowing the child to create a safe and enduring relationship with a nurturing adult.